Organized at Wheeling, W. Va., October 30, 1861. Companies “A,” “B,” “D” and “E” moved from Wheeling to Little Kanawha, Wirt County, W. Va., October 13, and duty there till November 2, when rejoined Regiment at Romney. Regiment left Wheeling for Romney, W. Va., November 9, 1861, and duty there till January 10, 1862. Attached to Railroad District, West Virginia, to January, 1862. 3rd Brigade, Landers’ Division, Army Potomac, to March, 1862. 3rd Brigade, Shields’ Division, Banks’ 5th Army Corps, and Dept. of the Shenandoah, to May, 1862. 4th Brigade, Shields’ Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to June, 1862. 4th Brigade, 2nd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Pope’s Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Whipple’s Division, Military District of Washington, D. C, to October, 1862. Wheeling, W. Va., to December, 1862. Cumberland, Md., September 1862. North Mountain, Defences of Upper Potomac, 8th Army Corps, Middle Dept., to March, 1863. 4th Brigade 1st Division, 8th Army Corps, to June, 1863. Campbell’s Brigade, Scammon’s Division, West Virginia, to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, West Virginia, to April, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Infantry Division, West Virginia, to October, 1864. Cumberland, Md., to December, 1864.
SERVICE.–Expedition to Blue’s Gap January 6-7, 1862. Hanging Rock Pass, Blue’s Gap, January 7. Moved to Patterson Creek January 10, and duty there till February 6. Moved to Paw Paw Tunnel February 5-13. Advance on Winchester March 1-15. Reconnoissance to Strasburg March 18-21. Battle of Winchester March 22-23. Pursuit of Jackson March 24-April 4. Edenburg March 27. Occupation of Mt. Jackson April 1. New Market April 17. Columbia Bridge May 5. March to Falmouth, Va., May 12-21, and to Port Republic May 25-June 7. Gaines’ Cross Roads, near Front Royal, May 31. White Plains June 1. Front Royal June 3. Port Republic June 9. March to Cloud’s Mills, near Alexandria, June 10-27. Camp there till July 24. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Rappahannock Station August 20-23. Sulphur Springs August 26. Thoroughfare Gap August 28. Groveton August 29. Bull Run August 30. In the Defences of Washington till October 11. Moved to Wheeling, W. Va., October 11-13, and duty there to November 27. Moved to Cumberland, Md., November 27-28, thence to Romney December 8. Moved to North Mountain, and duty there till March 6, 1863. At Mechanicsville Gap till June 14. Moved to New Creek Station, thence to Cumberland, Md., June 14-20. Moved to Hancock, thence to Williamsport July 13. At Back Creek July 28. To Winchester August 3, thence to Romney and to Petersburg August 15. Operating against guerrillas and Imboden’s and McNeil’s forces till January 10, 1864. Moorefield September 5 and 11, 1863 (Cos. “B,” “D.” “E,” “F” and “H”); mostly captured by McNeil. Descent on Salem December 16, 1863. Guard train from Petersburg to McDowell December 10-23. Retreat from, Petersburg to New Creek January 10-12, 1864. Operations in Hampshire and Hardy Counties against Rosser January 27-February 7. Veterans on furlough February and March. Moved to Grafton April 18, thence to Martinsburg April 19-22. Sigel’s Expedition to New Market April 30-May 16. Mt. Jackson May 14. New Market May 15. At Cedar Creek May 16-June 1. Advance to Staunton June 1-6. Piedmont, Mt. Crawford June 5. Occupation of Staunton June 6. Hunter’s Raid on Lynchburg June 10-July 1. Lexington June 11. Lynchburg June 17-18. Retreat to Gauley Bridge June 18-29. Moved to the Shenandoah Valley July 5-17. Snicker’s Ferry July 17-18. Battle of Winchester July 23-24. Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign August to November. Cedar Creek August 12. Charlestown August 22-24. Halltown August 26. Berryville September 3-4. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher’s Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Ordered to Cumberland, Md., October 29, and duty there till December.
Consolidated with 4th West Virginia Infantry to form 2nd West Virginia Veteran Infantry December 10, 1864.
Source: Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, by Frederick Dyer]
Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 51 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 136 Enlisted men by disease. Total 192.
See also 2nd West Virginia Veteran Infantry.
[Source: Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, by Frederick Dyer]
McKee, Thomas H.; “The Text of Loyalty in the State of Virginia in 1861.” In War Papers (MOLLUS, DC, Paper 90). 10 p. (10 photocopied pages). E464M5.1991v45. U.S. Army Military History Institute, Carlisle, PA.
“Views and Reviews of the Civil War.” In War Papers (MOLLUS, DC, Paper 63). 11 p. (11 photocopied pages). E464M5.1991v45. U.S. Army Military History Institute, Carlisle, PA.
Rawling, Charles J.; History of the First Regiment, Virginia Infantry Being a Narrative of the Military Movements in the Mountains of Virginia…. Phila: Lippincott, 1887.
History of the 1st West Virginia. Online Version. Courtesy of Linda Fluharty Cunningham.
Winters, Joshua; Civil War Letters and Diary of…: A Private in the Union Army, Company G, First Western Virginia Volunteer Infantry. [Ed by Elizabeth D. Swiger] Parsons, WV: McClain, 1991.