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History of the 5th West Virginia Cavalry History of the 12th West Virginia Volunteer Infantry

Battery A, 1st West Virginia Light Artillery

Daum’s Battery

Battery A was organized and mustered into the service September 26, 1861, with Philip Daum, captain; John Jenk, first lieutenant, William Derose, second lieutenant.

But as early as July 3d, we find Daum with a section of his battery at Wheeling, W. Va. On the 20th of July this section was at Oakland and New Creek. October 4th, the battery was engaged at the battle of Greenbrier River and Elkwater, near Alleghany Mountains. October 28th, the battery was at Romney, Va. About February 1st, 1862, Captain Daum was promoted to lieutenant-colonel of the First W. Va. Light Artillery Regiment, and was made chief of artillery. Lieutenant Jenk was made Captain of Company A, March 1862. The battery bore a gallant part at the battle of Kernstown, VA., March 23, 1862. January 13, 1863, the battery, Captain Jenk in command, was in Camp of Instruction under Gen’l Wm. F. Barry, near Washington, D.C.

March 9, 1863, Captain Jenk was dismissed from the service. The battery remained in Camp of Instruction until September, 1863, when Lieut. George Furst was promoted to captain. December, 1863, the battery was again in the field, in Col. Geo. D. Wells’ Brigade, Sullivan’s Division, Kelley’s Department. May 31, 1864, the battery was at Maryland Heights, where it remained on duty until October 17, 1864, when it was transferred from Harper’s Ferry to Parkersburg, W. Va., thence to Charleston, when Captain Furst was ordered to report to Col. J. H. Oley, commanding 1st Separate Brigade. The battery remained in the Kanawha Valley until it was mustered out July 21, 1865.

[Source: Loyal West Virginia 1861-1865, by Theodore Lang]

Organized at Wheeling, W. Va., and mustered in June 28, 1861. Attached to Army of Occupation, W. Va., to September, 1861. Cheat Mountain, District West Virginia, to January, 1862. Landers’ Division, Army Potomac, to March, 1862. Shields’ 2nd Division, Banks’ 5th Army Corps, and Dept. of the Shenandoah, to May, 1862. Shields’ Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to June, 1862. Slough’s Command, Defences of Washington, D. C., to February, 1863. Camp Barry, Defences of Washington, 22nd Army Corps, to July, 1863. Maryland Heights, 2nd Division, Dept. of West Virginia, to December, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Army of West Virginia, to April, 1864. Reserve Division, Harper’s Ferry, W. Va., to October, 1864. 1st Separate Brigade Dept. of West Virginia, to July, 1865.

SERVICE.–At Elkwater till October, 1861. Operations on Cheat Mountain September 11-17. Action at Cheat Mountain September 11. Cheat Mountain Pass September 12. Point Mountain Turnpike and Elkwater September 12. Greenbrier River October 3-4. At Romney till January, 1862. Expedition to Blue’s Gap January 6. Hanging Rock, Blue’s Gap, January 7. At Paw Paw Tunnel till March. Advance on Winchester March 7-12. Battle of Kernstown, Winchester, March 22-23. Cedar Mountain March 25. Woodstock April 1. Eden burg April 2. Occupation of Mt. Jackson April 17. March to Fredericksburg May 12-22, and to Front Royal May 25-30. Front Royal May 30. Duty in the Defences of Washington, D.C., till July, 1863. Ordered to Harper’s Ferry, W. Va., thence to Charlestown. Expedition to near New Market November 15-18. Mt. Jackson November 16. Wells’ demonstration up the Shenandoah Valley December 10-25. Duty at Harper’s Ferry, Charlestown and Martinsburg till May, 1864. At Maryland Heights till October 17. Moved to Parkersburg October 17. Duty at Parkersburg, Charlestown and in the Kanawha Valley till July, 1865. Mustered out July 27, 1865.

[Source: Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, by Frederick Dyer]

The 1st West Virginia Light Artillery regiment lost 33 men, killed and died of wounds; 131 men, died of disease, accident or in prison; total deaths, 164 men. (all 8 batteries)

[Source: Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1861-1865,by William F. Fox]

1st West Virginia Light Artillery – National Park Service

1st West Virginia Light Artillery – West Virginia Adjutant General Papers at West Virginia State Archives

Battery A, 1st West Virginia Light Artillery – The Civil War in the East