27th Virginia Infantry
27th Virginia Infantry was organized in May, 1861, and accepted into Confederate service in July. The men were primarily from the counties of Alleghany, Rockbridge, Monroe, Greenbrier, and Ohio. It contained only eight companies and became part of the famous Stonewall Brigade. During the war it served under the command of General T.J. Jackson, R.B. Garnett, Winder, Paxton, J.A. Walker, and W. Terry. The 27th fought at First Manassas, First Kernstown, and in Jackson’s Valley Campaign. It then participated in the campaign of the Army of Northern Virginia from the Seven Days’ Battles to Cold Harbor, moved with Early to the Shenandoah Valley, and was active around Appomattox.
The regiment reported 141 casualties at First Manassas, 57 at First Kernstown, and 4 of the 136 engaged at First Winchester. It lost 3 killed at Cedar Mountain, had 4 killed and 23 wounded at Second Manassas, and sustained 9 killed and 62 wounded at Chancellorsville. Of the 148 in action at Gettysburg about thirty percent were disabled. Only 1 officer and 20 men surrendered.
The field officers were Colonels John Echols, James K. Edmondson, William A. Gordon, and A.J. Grisby; Lieutenant Colonels Charles L. Haynes and Daniel M. Shriver; and Majors Philip F. Frazer and Elisha F. Paxton.
[Source: National Park Service, Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System]
West Virginia counties contributing soldiers: Brooke, Greenbrier, Monroe, Ohio, Wetzel
27th Virginia Infantry – National Park Service
27th Virginia Infantry – The Civil War in the East
27th Virginia Infantry, Virginia Regimental History Series, by Lowell Reidenbaugh, H.E. Howard Publishing, 1993.
27th Virginia Infantry, Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia, by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 210-212, entry #356.
24th Virginia Infantry, A Guide to Virginia’s Military Organizations, 1861-1865, by Lee A. Wallace, Jr., pp. 110-111.
My Reminiscences of the Civil War with the Stonewall Brigade and the Immortal 600, by Captain Alfred Mallory Edgar, 27th Virginia Infantry CSA, 35th Star Publishing, Charleston, West Virginia, 2011.
John Garibaldi Civil War Papers, 27th Virginia Infantry, Virginia Military Institute Archives, Manuscript #284